PBO analysis shows gap in infrastructure funding
In his first report to parliament, the Parliamentary Budget Officer, Jean-Denis Fréchette, provided analysis on the results of the Government’s New Infrastructure Plan (NIP) announced through the 2016 Federal Budget and its 2016 Fall Economic Statement.
Entitled Canada’s New Infrastructure Plan: Following the Money, the PBO’s analysis shows that of the $13.6 billion for fiscal years 2016-18 announced in Budget 2016, departments have identified only $4.6 billion worth of projects.
It stated, “While departments have committed to spending all the allocated funds within the time frame provided, these data show that there remains a significant gap.”
As part of the National Infrastructure Plan, the Government announced that it would allocate $186.7 billion in funding for the NIP over the next 12 years. Of this total, $82.8 billion is new, incremental funding. The program is being rolled out in two phases. Phase 1, at $13.6 billion for the first two years, aims at providing some economic stimulus. The majority of these funds are to be delivered by Infrastructure Canada, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC), and Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC).
One of the challenges for municipalities in accessing funds has been that many of the departmental programs require project proponents to submit funding proposals. The proposals are then assessed and approved projects are added on an ongoing basis.
The PBO said that the Office of Infrastructure of Canada was given a little more than $4.15 billion, but as of the release of the report, had only allocated just over $2.5 billion. That equates to just over 60 per cent of the total amount having been allocated to projects identified for funding.
In addition to the slow spending, the report noted, “The Government has provided no performance measurement framework with which to evaluate the NIP’s performance, and only limited visibility on tracking how the money is being spent. In its supplementary estimates documents, the Government has identified the departments that have received funding through the NIP. However, except for Infrastructure Canada, none of the departments has published a list of funded projects. There is also no mention of the NIP in current departmental performance reports.”
“PBO has made considerable effort to link the announced budget measures to the underlying infrastructure projects. But there is still a gap between what has been announced and the value of the projects currently identified by departments.”
Given that a chief objective of the government’s investment in infrastructure was economic stimulus, the PBO warned, to achieve its economic impact estimates for the NIP within the stated time frame, it needs to disburse roughly $11 billion by March 31 2018 in infrastructure investments.